OC Disorder: A Comprehensive Guide
Nov 24, 2023 By Madison Evans

Involvement in repetitive behaviors or intrusive thoughts characterizes obsessive-compulsive disorder, a serious mental illness. The American Psychiatric Association estimates that 2-3% of the general population is affected by this disorder in the United States.

Obsessions, or intrusive, unwelcome thoughts, are a hallmark of OCD and can cause sufferers to feel an overwhelming need to engage in ceremonial activity. If they can't stop thinking about it, they give in to their compulsions.

Common examples of someone doing a double-take are locking the front door and turning off the stove. Many people also believe in superstitions, such as the power of pounding on wood or donning your team's shirt before a big game. These routines may make you feel safer, but they don't always indicate OCD.


Both obsessions and compulsions are key indicators of OCD. The two main symptoms of OCD are compulsions and addictions. However, some persons with the disorder only experience one or the other.

These signs and symptoms are not transient. Every day, even moderate symptoms can waste at least an hour of your time and significantly impact your life. Your ability to focus in the classroom or on the job may suffer if you have an obsessive-compulsive disorder. Because of them, you might not be able to attend class, work, or anyplace else.

You may come to terms with the fact that your obsessive beliefs are false and that your ritualized actions are futile in their attempt to stop you from having those beliefs. However, they frequently have a sense of being out of control.


While there is a great deal of variety in the specific content of obsessive thoughts, some similar threads include:

• Apprehensions over Contamination, Dirt, or Illness

• concerns that you could harm yourself or others

• reluctance to speak for fear of saying anything obscene

• an insatiable want to keep everything neat and in order

• ideas that are overtly sexual or aggressive


OCD obsessive behaviors can include, but are not limited to, the following

  • Cleansing yourself, your belongings, or something else
  • putting things in a certain order or arrangement
  • reciting a series of numbers or sentences
  • achieving a certain amount of touches on an object
  • attempting to find reassurance from other people
  • accumulating items or buying multiple

How Can People Develop OCD?

While the specific etiology of OCD remains unknown, researchers have shown that a strong genetic predisposition is often present. Inheriting obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is more likely if a close relative also suffers.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, there is evidence linking the disease to impaired development and specific regions of the brain. An abnormal response to the neurotransmitter serotonin has been linked to the obsessive compulsive disorder. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in mood and sleeps regulation, among other things.

OCD Predisposing Factors

Even if you have a family history of the obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), there are environmental and psychological variables that may accelerate its onset.

For example:

Trauma Or Stress

High-stress levels from any source, including personal relationships, academics, and the workplace, might increase your risk of developing OCD or exacerbate its symptoms.


Some people are more predisposed to OCD because of characteristics in their personality, such as an inability to deal with uncertainty, a strong sense of duty, or an obsession with perfection. Some disagree over whether these are immutable characteristics or malleable taught reactions.

Childhood Abuse

Children are more likely to acquire the disorder if subjected to abuse or other traumatic situations, such as severe bullying or neglect.

Pediatric acute neuropsychiatric symptoms

Some cases of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children start suddenly after an illness. This condition is known as PANDAS, which stands for pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders after streptococcal infection. Nevertheless, signs and symptoms can also be caused by other illnesses and diseases.

Traumatic Brain Damage

A head injury may trigger the onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms, according to research scheduled for publication in 2021.

OCD Diagnosis

Mental health professionals are well-equipped to help those struggling with obsessions and compulsions get a diagnosis and choose the most effective course of therapy.

Roughly 50% of those who eventually develop OCD show symptoms as children. Due to the slow onset of symptoms, diagnosis may take some time. Many persons with the illness go untreated for quite some time. If you've tried talking to others about your OCD symptoms before and been dismissed, it might be discouraging to try again.

Perhaps a parent has heard you discuss an obsessive notion. They made you feel better by laughing at your predicament and reassuring you, "Don't worry, that's not going to happen." A kind rejection from them did little to soothe the idea.


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